C’è, ci sono: the Italian verb esserci

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Let’s learn how to use the Italian verb esserci and specifically its forms c’è and ci sono. C’è, ci sono: the Italian verb esserci.

C’è and ci sono

All’agriturismo c’è un cavallo.

C’è / ci sono means there is / there are.

C’è is followed by the singular, ci sono by the plural or several things. The subject always comes after c’è/ci sono.

+ singularC’è un cavallo.There is a horse.
+ pluralCi sono dei cavalli.There are a horse.
+ several thingsCi sono un gatto e un cane.There are a cat and a dog.

The verb esserci

It is the verb essere together with ci, which basically means there. Before è, ci is apostrophized and becomes c’.

C’è / ci sono thus denotes that something is somewhere, either generally there, or in a particular place that is mentioned.

C’è un cavallo.There is a horse.
All’agriturismo c’è un cavallo.There is a horse at the farm.
A Roma ci sono molti turisti.There are many tourists in Rome.
In frigorifero ci sono delle uova.There are eggs in the refrigerator.

C’è / ci sono is also used to talk about the weather, especially to say that the weather is good/bad and that it is sunny.

Oggi c’è bel tempo.Today is beautiful weather.
Oggi c’è brutto tempo.Today is bad weather.
Oggi c’è il sole.It’s sunny today.

You can find more about the weather here.

Esercizio

1. C’è, ci sono

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