Essere and avere – To be and to have in Italian

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The Italian verbs essere to be and avere to have are surely the most important verbs to know when you learn Italian. Italian essere and avere – to be and to have.

Italina essere and avere – to be and to have

Essere

iosonoI am
tuseiyou are
lui | lei | Lei èhe | she is | you are (polite form)
noisiamowe are
voisieteyou (all) are
lorosonothey are

You use the verb essere for many things, for example to tell:

who you aresono JaneI’m Jane
your nationalitysono ingleseI’m English
your home townsono di LondraI’m from London
your professionsono una segretariaI’m a secretary
your moodsono felice | tristeI’m happy | sad

Avere

iohoI have
tuhaiyou have
lui | lei | Lei hahe | she has | you have (polite form)
noiabbiamowe have
voiaveteyou (all) have
lorohannothey have

You use the verb avere for many things, for example to tell:

your ageho 30 anniI’m 30 years old
about things or animals you haveho un cane | una casaI’ve a dog | a house
about your familyho un figlio | una figliaI’ve a son | a daughter
expressions like be hungry or thirstyho fame | seteI’m hungry | thirsty

Esercizi

1. Il verbo essere

2. Il verbo avere

3. Essere o avere?

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