We are getting married in ITALIA! No shipping from 07 to 29 August.

We are getting married in ITALIA! No shipping from 07 to 29 August.

Definite articles

Definite articles in Italian vary depending on gender (masculine and feminine), number (singular and plural) and the beginning letter of the following word. It may be sound a bit complicated, but you’ll surely learn the definite articles pretty quickly. Let’s learn together the rules of the definite article in Italian!

Definite articles in Italian

The definite article is used – as in English – to refer back to something known or already mentioned. In Italian, nouns and articles have two genders, masculine and feminine, and they can be either singular or plural. For example, il cane the dog is a masculine singular noun. For the definite articles it is also important to see which is the first letter of the following word. Have a look at the table with the rules.


The masculine has four articles: il and lo for the singular, i and gli for the plural. Bevor vowels, the o of lo is dropped, becoming l’.

before consonantil canei canidog
before vowell’amicogli amicifriend
before s+consonant
before z*
lo stivale
lo zio
gli stivali
gli zii

*Besides s+consonant and z, there are further peculiar cases: y (lo yogurt), x (lo xilofono), gn (lo gnomo), ps (lo psicologo).


The feminine has two articles: la for the singular and le for the plural. The a of la is dropped before vowels, becoming l’.

before consonantla muccale mucchecow
before vowell’isolale isoleisland


1. Gli articoli

In order to use the articles appropriately, you should know if the word is feminine or masculine. To learn more about Italian nouns and their gender, you can read this article: Masculine and feminine.

Share on facebook
Share on twitter
Share on linkedin
Share on whatsapp
Share on email

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Your online bookstore specialized in learning Italian.

Our latest posts

Start learning Italian with us! Complete learning units with Communication topics, Grammar, Vocabulary, a Videocorso to enjoy watching and extras in the Pausa Caffè section.

Wanna learn more?

Help us to improve our content and keep the website alive by donating some cookies or visiting or online bookstore. Thank you for your support!


Follow us

Shopping cart
Start typing to see posts you are looking for.