The indefinite article in Italian

The indefinite article in Italian varies depending on gender (masculine and feminine) and the beginning letter of the following word. Learn the rules of the indefinite article in Italian!

The indefinite article in Italian

The indefinite article is used – as in English – to refer to something unknown or that you mention for the first time. In Italian, nouns and articles have two genders, masculine and feminine, and the article has to adapt to it. It is also important to look at the first letter of the following word. Have a look at the table with the rules.


The masculine has two articles: un and uno.

before consonant or vowelun cane a dog
un amico a friend
before s+consonant
before z1
uno stivale a boot
uno zio an uncle

1Besides s+consonant and z, there are a few more peculiar cases: y (uno yogurt), x (uno xilofono), gn (uno gnomo), ps (uno psicologo).


The feminine has only one article: una. However, before a vowel the final -a is dropped becoming un’.

before consonantuna casa a house
before vowelun’isola an island

In order to use the articles appropriately, you should know if the word is feminine or masculine. To learn more about Italian noun and their gender, you can read this article: masculine and feminine: the 3 Italian noun classes.

Wanna learn the definite article and do some exercises? Read our article the definite article in Italian.


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